Healing of a Man By a Pool

3_Jesus Heals Man By PoolScripture Reference: John 5:1-15

Story Overview: Disabled people used to gather around the Pool of Bethesda because the water was said to help heal those with physical problems. One of these was a man who had been an invalid for 38 years. He could not even get to the water and had lost all hope. Jesus told him to pick up his mat and walk. That is exactly what the man did!

Suggested Emphasis: Jesus cares about us even when problems make us feel hopeless or sad.

Background Study Way to Introduce the Story The Story
Review Questions Craft and Activity Ideas Other Online Resources

Background Study:

Today’s story takes place during a Jewish feast. The bible does not say which feast that was. The three main festivals requiring Jewish men to travel to Jerusalem were Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles. It was quite possibly one of these three.

A big wall with many gates surrounded the city of Jerusalem. The reason that the gate by which Jesus entered was called the “sheep gate” was because it was the gate where sheep were washed for sacrifice at the temple.

If you are using the New International Version of the bible you might notice that verse four is left out. This verse is believed to have been inserted by a later copyist to explain the text.

There are a few pools around Jerusalem even today. The Pool of Bethesda is believed to be one that was discovered deep below the level of present day Jerusalem. It has five “porches”.

Stairways at the corner of the pool allowed people to walk into the water. Underground springs probably fed the pool intermittently. In the days of Jesus people believed that an angel stirred the water. They thought that the first person to get into the stirred water would be healed. This would explain why so many sick people were lying around this pool. It was a wait of desperation. This may seem silly to us but remember the lack of medical knowledge that they had. Also, when one is desperately ill, one will try many things to be well again.

One of the men waiting at the pool was in a hopeless state. He was unable to walk and that had been his condition for thirty-eight years. There could be a number of reasons why he was unable to walk in the first place but certainly after all of these years his legs were withered and totally useless. This man had been brought to the pool but he knew that he could never get to the water in time if indeed the water stirred.

There was something about the man that made Jesus notice him and want to help (verse 6). What a shock he must have had when Jesus asked him if he wanted to be healed. He doesn’t even say yes. He just tells Jesus his story to make Jesus understand how helpless the situation was. But Jesus knew that real power did not lie in bubbling water. Power lies with God.

This miracle was instantaneous. There was no prayer or laying on of hands. No one had to send money into a television evangelist or stand in front of a crowd. Jesus just told him to get up and walk and the man did so immediately.

How sad that the Jews were more concerned with the fact that the man was working on the Sabbath (carrying his mat) than with the fact that a miracle had been performed.


Way to Introduce the Story:

How many of you have ever seen a geyser? (Let them explain what happens) How many of you have ever been to natural hot pools? What makes the hot pools hot? (underground springs). “In today’s story we are going to learn about a pool of water that people thought was very special.”

The Story:

In the city of Jerusalem there was a pool of water called “Bethesda”. It was a beautiful pool with porches built around it so that people could sit and rest. Sometimes the water in the pool was very calm. But sometimes the water would bubble up.

Many sick people liked to go to the Pool of Bethesda. Some were blind or paralysed. Others could not walk. They came to the pool and waited for the water to bubble up. People believed that if they touched the bubbly water before it stopped bubbling then they would be made well.

One day Jesus passed by the pool and saw one of the men lying down beside the pool all alone. He noticed that the man was very sad so he stopped to talk to him.

The man could not stand or walk because his legs did not work properly. He was sad because he had been unable to walk for thirty-eight years. Every time the water bubbled up the man tried to get to it and touch it but he could not. He was also sad because he had no friends to carry him to the pool.
Jesus asked the man, “Do you want to get well?”

The man told Jesus that he really wanted to get better but there was no one to carry him to the bubbly water. He was very sad. He thought that no one cared that he was sad.

But Jesus cared that the man was sad! He listened to the man and then he said something very surprising: “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.”

As soon as Jesus said this to the man the man was cured. For the first time in thirty-eight years he was able to stand up. He did just as Jesus said and picked up his mat and walked.

The man was so excited that he did not even notice Jesus slipping back into the crowd. People asked the man who had made him well. The man could not answer because he did not even know the name of the man who had healed him.

Later he saw Jesus at the temple and Jesus told the man to always be good. He was so happy to see Jesus. He was happy to see the man who had made him well.

Ways to Tell the Story:

This story can be told using a variety of methods.  Always remain true to the facts found in the Bible but help children connect to its meaning by using drama, visual aids, voice inflection, student interaction and/or emotion.
Click here for visual aids and story-telling methods.


Review Questions:

  1. Why was the lame man lying alone beside the Pool of Bethesda? Waiting to touch the bubbly water and be healed.
  2. Why was the lame man beside the pool so sad? He could not get to the bubbly water in time to be healed.
  3. What did Jesus say to the lame man beside the pool? “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.”


Craft and Activity Ideas:

(How to choose the best learning activities for my teaching situation)

  • Use the public library or borrow a book that has good pictures of Jerusalem during the early first century. Some are very good for showing the children the layout of the walls and the temple.
  • How about planning a class trip to the hot pools?
  • Let children have races without using their legs (rolling, handstands, crawling, etc.)
  • Make mats by weaving either paper or reeds or flax.
  • Tell a story about a time you were sad/went through something hard and God helped you through it.  After you have shared give students the opportunity to share personal experiences that were hard for them and God helped them with.
  • Send cards to encourage someone who is sad or needs hope.
  • Find the Sheep Gate and the Pool of Bethesda on a map of Jerusalem.
  • Use Alka-Seltzer tablets to make a pan of water bubble as you tell the story.

Printables pic
Click here for “Healing of the Man By the Pool” in A4 size paper
Click here for “Healing of the Man By the Pool” in letter size paper (USA)


Other Online Resources:


2 Responses to Healing of a Man By a Pool

  1. Jessica says:

    Create a “pool” with blue plastic, cloth, etc. Create five “porch” areas surrounding it but a little distant from it. Divide the children into five groups and allow them to choose a “disability”. Some could wear blindfolds to pretend blindness, some could bandage a leg to pretend being crippled, some could pretend to be paralyzed from the waist down, some could pretend to be sickly and weak, etc, etc, each child would wait on their assigned “porch” until the waters are stirred. Pick one child to be the man lying on a mat. Have someone be the angel that stirs the waters. A sound machine or a recording of a gurgling/bubbling brook could be played, at which point the children could struggle with their specific disabilities to get to the pool first. Talk about how frustrating it must have been for those who didn’t make it to the pool first, or never made it to the pool at all. Have a teacher/helper play the part of Jesus and act out that part of the story. Emphasize that Jesus is the healer and that before He came in the flesh, God, in His mercy allowed some to be healed by the stirred waters of the Bethesda pool. Now, we don’t have to struggle to be first to get to a particular place or go through certain steps to be healed. Jesus is our great physician, and we’re healed because He loved us so much that He shed His blood so that we can have abundant life.

    • Mary says:

      Awesome idea, Jessica. I would love to be a child in yor Bible class! And your idea could work for a lot of children or scaled down to just the “pool” and making the sounds with your own voice if you have few resources. Thanks.

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