Great Commission and Ascension of Jesus

1_Great Commission and AscensionScripture Reference: Matthew 28:16-20; Acts 1:3-11

Story Overview: After his resurrection from the dead, Jesus spent forty days with his disciples. Before ascending to heaven he gave the apostles important instructions on taking the gospel to the lost. This is the Great Commission (Matthew 28:19-20). An angel comforted the apostles by reminding them that just as Jesus rose up into the clouds he will someday come back to earth again.

Suggested Emphasis: Follow the Great Commission and tell others about Jesus.

Memory Verse: “Therefore, go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit; and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” (Matthew 28:19-20)

Background Study Way to Introduce the Story The Story
Review Questions Craft and Activity Ideas Other Online Resources


Background Study:

Click here for an overview of the Book of Acts

The book of Acts opens with a reference to its companion book, the Gospel of Luke. It is generally agreed (through the structure of the writing and the references to “we” when the author writes about travels in the book of Acts) that the author was Luke. Luke was probably a Gentile and he was a doctor (Colossians 4:14). He was a loyal friend to Paul (2 Timothy 4:9-13). Both the books were written to an official named Theophilus (Luke 1:1-4 and Acts 1:1).

After Jesus rose from the dead he was present with the apostles and a number of others. Paul refers to an occasion when he appeared to 500 people at one time (I Corinthians 15:3-8). During the forty days following his resurrection, Jesus gave many proofs to the apostles that he was alive. He also told them to stay in Jerusalem and wait. The Holy Spirit would be poured out in all his power. This pouring out is called the “baptism of the Spirit”. When the Holy Spirit came, the apostles would be receiving special powers so that they could teach and prove Jesus’ power in ways they had never been able to before.

Today’s story takes place at the Mount of Olives, at the conclusion of the forty days, when the apostles were meeting together with Jesus. Jesus gives his last instructions to the apostles before being taken up into heaven. They were to teach in Judea, Samaria and to the ends of the earth (Acts 1:8). Jesus was repeating what he had already told the apostles. The same “job description” or “commission” can be found, in one form or another, at the end of each of the gospels (Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-16; Luke 24:47; John 20:21). After Jesus ascended, the apostles left the place rejoicing (Luke 24:50-53).

Memorising the great commission (as in Matthew 28:19-20) is a great way to begin the book of Acts. As we study the book of Acts we will see how the apostles did just as Jesus asked. Over and over they went, preached the gospel to make disciples, baptized, and taught people how to obey God. Example after example in Acts removes doubts about the power of God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit. Over and over lost people hear about Jesus and then show a natural response of repentance and wanting to be right with God through baptism. They want to learn how to live a life of continued obedience.

Today’s lesson is another turning point in the bible. The Old Testament emphasised the power of God, the Father. The Gospels emphasise the power of God, the Son. Now, Acts emphasises the power of the God, the Spirit.

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Way to Introduce the Story:

Ask the children to imagine that they are just about to go away to live on another planet. Tell them that they have only thirty seconds to tell the class something very important. What would they tell the class? “ In today’s lesson we are going to learn about the time when Jesus left this earth. He said some very special and important things to his friends. He told them about a very important job that he wanted them to do.
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The Story:

Do you remember studying about how Jesus was crucified on a cross? He died and was buried in a tomb but then he came back to life after three days. After this Jesus spent forty days visiting with people. He wanted to make sure they saw that he was not dead any more.

He spent lots of time with his special friends, the apostles. He told them not to leave the city of Jerusalem because some great things were going to happen and they needed to be there. He told them that the Holy Spirit was going to come and that they would be given special powers so that they could show everyone how good Jesus is.

Jesus told them that they would have a very important job to do. When someone tells someone to do a job and then gives them instructions, that is called a “commission”. The job that Jesus told the apostles to do was very important. Some people even call it “The Great Commission”. Here is what the Great Commission is: “Therefore, go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit; and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” (Matthew 28:19-20)

Telling people the good news about Jesus is telling them the gospel. Telling people the gospel is telling three things: Jesus died, Jesus was buried and Jesus rose up alive again.

After Jesus told them these things, something very amazing happened. Jesus began to float up. He floated all the way up into the clouds while the apostles were watching. Soon the clouds hid Jesus and they could not see him any longer.

While they were all looking up into the sky trying to catch another glimpse of Jesus, two men dressed in white stood beside them. They must have been angels. They told the apostles that Jesus went up into the clouds and that someday (many years later) he would come back to the earth on clouds again.

The apostles were very happy. Jesus was amazing! They would miss Jesus but they were happy that they could go and tell everyone about how he rose from the dead. They wanted to tell people about all of the amazing things Jesus had done.

Where do you think the apostles went after this? Who wants to guess?

Remember where Jesus had told them to go? He told them to go to Jerusalem and wait for the Holy Spirit to come. So the apostles went to Jerusalem and waited just as Jesus said.
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Ways to Tell the Story:

This story can be told using a variety of methods.  Always remain true to the facts found in the Bible but help children connect to its meaning by using drama, visual aids, voice inflection, student interaction and/or emotion.
Click here for visual aids and story-telling methods.

Review Questions:

  1. What is the Great Commission? The instructions that Jesus gave to the apostles. He said: “Therefore, go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit; and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” (Matthew 28:19-20)
  2. What is the Gospel? The good news about Jesus. He died, was buried, and rose from the dead.
  3. How did Jesus leave the earth? Rose up into the clouds
  4. While the apostles were trying to get a last glimpse of Jesus in the clouds, who spoke to them? Two angels.
  5. What did the angels say after Jesus went up into the clouds? They said not to be sad because Jesus would come back again someday in the clouds

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Craft and Activity Ideas:

(How to choose the best learning activities for my teaching situation)

  • Draw and Tell Visual Aid:  The teacher and the students draw pictures as they read the scripture together.  Make your own or use this template: Great Commission and Ascension Draw and Tell
  • Obtain a helium filled balloon and release it outside as you tell the story of Jesus going up into the clouds.
  • Find out the names of some of the missionaries that your congregation supports and share facts about their work with the students. You might write notes or send a picture of your class to the missionaries.
  • Write “GOSPEL” on the chalkboard or on a large sheet of paper. Underneath write “Good News”. Discuss the fact that the gospel is the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus (I Corinthians 15:1-8). Let the children list things they might say when they share the gospel with people.
  • Ascension Craft (Photo at right)  Instructions: Poke a hole in the bottom of a blue or clear plastic cup and string a string through it.  Decorate the upturned cup with clouds. Tape a picture of Jesus on the lower end of the string.  Pull the string so that Jesus "rises" up into the clouds.

    Ascension Craft

    Craft: Ascension Craft (Photo at right)  Instructions: Poke a hole in the bottom of a blue or clear plastic cup and string a string through it.  Decorate the upturned cup with clouds. Tape a picture of Jesus on the lower end of the string.  Pull the string so that Jesus “rises” up into the clouds.

  • Craft: Make a scroll.  Click here for instructions. Write this verse on it: “Therefore, go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit; and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” (Matthew 28:19-20), NIV.  If children are too young to write the entire verse then consider helping them write something like “Tell people about God”.
  • Colour My World Craft

    Craft: Colour My World (Photo at right)  Lead the class in great conversation about sharing the good news of Christ by using the fun activity “The Great Commission- Into the World“.

  • Memory Verse:  Use the “Memory Lane” method to help children learn the memory verse .
  • Use a globe or world map and discuss the some of the different cultures and languages of the world. Talk about how you might teach the gospel in a few different countries.
  • Check the Teaching Ideas page on this website for ideas that are adaptable to any lesson.
  • Life of Christ_Late Try the resources on the Pinterest Board: Life of Christ (late ministry)
  • Acts_Church BeginningsTry the resources on the Pinterest Board: Acts-Church Beginnings

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Other Online Resources:

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5 Responses to Great Commission and Ascension of Jesus

  1. ailvedrama says:

    Thank you for this lesson plan – very helpful

  2. mireille says:

    This is an awesome website

  3. Keketso says:

    The website is very helpful.

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