Abraham Prepares to Sacrifice Isaac


6_Abraham Sacrifice IsaacScripture Reference: Genesis 22:1-18; Hebrews 11:17-19

Suggested Emphasis or Theme: We should be willing to give up (sacrifice) anything if it will help us to serve God better.

 

1 Background Study_BBB        2 Story Introduction_BBB        3 Telling the Story_BBB        4 Review Questions_BBB        5 Learning Activities_BBB        6 Other Online Resources_BBB

Story Overview:

Abraham’s faith was tested when the Lord asked him to sacrifice Isaac on an altar.  Abraham had strong faith in God’s earlier promise that he would have many descendants so he set out to prepare an altar and kill his only son.  At the last moment, when Abraham displayed this willingness to unconditionally obey God, an angel stopped the sacrifice.

Background Study:

If you have set out to teach the Bible to children then you will probably find this story difficult to tell.  That a father would kill his own son is beyond belief.  This, in fact, is what faith is.  It is beyond belief.  Faith looks beyond the present situation and looks toward something that is not seen. (Hebrews 11:1)

The intense emotional drama of this Biblical event displays exactly how far Abraham had come in his absolute trust in God.  He trusted God so much he knew that, if he killed his son, God would raise him from the dead.

“By faith Abraham, when God tested him, offered Isaac as a sacrifice. He who had embraced the promises was about to sacrifice his one and only son, even though God had said to him, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.” Abraham reasoned that God could even raise the dead, and so in a manner of speaking he did receive Isaac back from death.”  Hebrews 11:17-19, NIV

Believing through faith that God would raise his son from the dead was one thing but Abraham takes this to the ultimate level by actually lifting up that knife to plunge it into his son’s body.  No wonder James will later uses this event as an example of how faith and action go hand-in-hand and how action makes faith complete.  (James 2:20-24)

God led Abraham from Beersheba to the “region of Moriah” and to the “Mount of the Lord” (Genesis 22:14) to perform this sacrifice.  This is where the city of Jerusalem would later emerge.  King Solomon also built the temple here (2 Chronicles 3:1).

Today both Jews and Muslims mark the traditional specific location as the Foundation Stone in what is now the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.  Jewish tradition is that this was where Abraham sacrificed Isaac and where the “Holy of Holies” portion of the temple originally stood.

This was to be a burnt offering as later described in Leviticus chapter 1.  When an animal was offered by burning it on an altar the sacrifice “represented complete dedication and surrender to God.”  The animal was killed and then burnt until nothing was left. (As described in “The Tabernacle”, Rose book of Bible charts, maps, and time lines. (2015). Torrance, CA: Rose Publishing.)

Once it was clear to Abraham that he would not be sacrificing Isaac on the altar the Lord provided a ram for him to substitute and show his complete dedication and surrender to God.

In today’s lesson talk about how our faith is demonstrated in our willingness to surrender everything to God.  For a child this is best understood in terms of what things are important to us in life and comparing those to the importance of obeying God.

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Way to Introduce the Story:

Ask for volunteers to be blindfolded. Tell them to open their mouth because you are going to give them something to eat. “Do you trust me? What if I am giving you a yucky worm or a rotten apple to eat?” Continue in this train of thought for a little while and then put something VERY tasty in their mouth (lolly-pop, biscuit, etc.) Discuss what it felt like to trust someone when you did not know what they were going to do. “Abraham trusted God even when he did not understand what God was going to do.”
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The Story:

Many, many years ago God decided to build a great nation so that this nation could follow him and bless the world. God chose Abraham as the man that would begin this nation.

Have you ever tried to count how many stars there are in the sky at night? There are too many to count! Well, God told Abraham that counting his descendants would be like trying to count stars. He would have so many grandchildren and great-grandchildren and great-great grandchildren and great-great-great grandchildren that no one could even count them.

Abraham believed God but, as the years went by, he and his wife, Sarah wondered how God would make this happen. They were getting older and older and they still had no children together.

But, of course, God kept his promise!

Finally, when Abraham was 100 years old and Sarah was 90 years old they had a baby. They named their son Isaac.

Abraham and Sarah loved Isaac very much and looked forward to the day when Isaac would marry and have children. Then those children would grow up and have children and then those children would grow up and have children.

Abraham loved his son and loved God. Even though Abraham loved God and believed what God said a day came when Abraham was tested. The testing day was the day God asked Abraham to do a very difficult thing.

During the time of Abraham people showed their devotion to God by placing food or sometimes an animal they had killed on an altar and burning it up. This was called a “sacrifice”.

Even though Abraham knew about this kind of sacrifice he had never heard about the kind of sacrifice that God asked of him on this testing day.

God said, “Take your only son, Isaac, the son you love. Go to the land of Moriah. There kill him and offer him as a whole burnt offering. Do this on one of the mountains there. I will tell you which one.”

Most people would have just said, “NO WAY, GOD!” After all, Abraham loved Isaac. Besides, Isaac was his only son. God had promised him that Isaac would grow up and have children and his children would grow up and have children so the one day God’s people would be so many that no one could count them. If Isaac died this could never happen.

And that is when Abraham realised something very important. God would always do the right thing. If he obeyed God, even in this very hard thing, God would make it all right in the end. He thought that maybe God would let Isaac die but then he would bring him back to life.

Abraham did not understand exactly what would happen but he had faith in God. He would do what God said.

When Abraham and his son got to the top of the mountain they stacked stones on top of stones to build an altar. Isaac asked his father what animal they would put on the altar. Only Abraham knew that Isaac would be the one on the altar instead of an animal.

And then the time came for Abraham to do what God said and kill his son. But do you think Abraham actually killed his son? No, he did not. At the last minute an angel called out in a loud voice and told Abraham to stop. Even though God knew that Abraham had enough faith to obey him God did not want him to actually kill Isaac.

What a relief! God would never want a person to be killed and burned on an altar. Abraham looked up and saw a ram caught in some bushes. He and Isaac offered the ram as a sacrifice on the altar.

On that day Abraham learned that he loved God more than anything else. He would always have faith in God.

And Isaac continued to grow up and follow God. And guess what? He had children and then they had children and then they had children…

As years passed the number of Abraham’s descendants became so many that they were as difficult to count as the number of stars in the sky.
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Ways to Tell the Story:

This story can be told using a variety of methods.  Always remain true to the facts found in the Bible but help children connect to its meaning by using drama, visual aids, voice inflection, student interaction and/or emotion.
Click here for visual aids and story-telling methods.

Click here to download the slideshow or click here to download the pictures to print.  Each teacher is unique so only use the illustrations that best relate to the way YOU are telling the story in THIS lesson. Too many illustrations can be confusing so eliminate any that cover other stories or details you do not wish to emphasise in this lesson.

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Review Questions:

  1. What did God tell Abraham to do with his son, Isaac? Take him to Mount Moriah, kill him, and offer him as a burnt offering sacrifice.
  2. What happened when Abraham was just about to kill Isaac? An angel stopped him.
  3. God did not really want Abraham to kill his son. Why did he ask Abraham to do it? It was a test of his faith.

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Learning Activities and Crafts:

(How to choose the best learning activities for my teaching situation)

  • Discuss things that we might have to sacrifice (give up) to serve God better. Examples: Our favourite TV program if it comes on during worship time, toys or clothes to someone whose house burned, popularity, bad habits, etc.
  • ribbon-1st-place-smallTo help with the discussion: Ask children to draw four squares on a pieces (or fold the paper into squares).  In one square they should write the word “GOD”.  In each of the other four squares they can draw pictures of people or things that are very important to them.  Create “1st Place” ribbons from paper or actual ribbon.  Children then talk about the people and things that are important to them and then glue the first place ribbon on the square containing the word “God”.
  • Older children can discuss Matthew 5:29-30
  • Discuss things that people might love more than God. TV, sports, being famous, etc.
  • The more abstract ideas in the lesson today can be made clearer to younger children by emphasising the fact that Abraham obeyed God and so should they. How can they obey God? Make it practical for them.
  • Recite the memory verse (Proverbs 3:5) together. Play the “Pick a Card Memory Verse Game“.
  • Invite a guest to speak to the class today. A Christian who has had to give up something to follow Christ.
  • Have children draw a picture of an altar. They should then write the important things in their life on the top of the altar to show that they give all of these things to God and that He is the most important part of their lives.
  • Check the Teaching Ideas page on this website for ideas that are adaptable to any lesson.
  • Find other ideas on the Pinterest Board “Abraham, Isaac and Jacob

Printables pic
Click here for “Abraham Prepares to Sacrifice Isaac” printables to print (A4 paper)
Click here for “Abraham Prepares to Sacrifice Isaac” to print (Letter size-USA)

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Other Online Resources:

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12 Responses to Abraham Prepares to Sacrifice Isaac

  1. Janine says:

    I have a question….. I’ve read what you want us to ask the children throughout the lesson…questions to make them think….., but how do you do that without printing it out and reading it word for word. What you said is PERFECT! I want to say that. If I “wing it” and try to just go with the flow, I mess it up. And I don’t want to read it printed out on a sheet. That’s not natural or smooth! What do you suggest? THANKS!

    • Mary says:

      Hi Janine
      I love your question! A lot of different ideas are coming to my mind but I’m not exactly certain the direction you are going in. Are you asking about telling the story and inserting a few questions as you tell it? Are you asking about telling the story? I’ll put a few thoughts here below but remember that none of us are perfect teachers. if we trust in God he will take our imperfections and use us to draw children to himself 🙂

      1) There is no harm in writing things down. I often write things down to help me remember what to say. Even if others think I’m “winging it” I can tell you I’ve probably gone over the story and outlined it in a simple way with key points. Sometimes I write more while, on other lessons, I might just write one word prompts to help me remember. The key is just practicing so I become more comfortable and natural with it. I’ve been teaching almost 40 years and I still practice my lessons.

      2) Reading very long passages can seem unnatural but short ones can become part of the flow of your story-telling. This is particularly true of Bible verses. Sometimes I will tell a Bible story in my own words but stop and say, “Oh, I really want you to hear this part straight from the Bible. It is so exciting!” As a general rule of thumb, the younger the children the shorter the reading.

      3) Back to those questions…If the questions seem to break the rhythm perhaps you could save them until the end of the story. You could make a game of it. Have the children sit in a circle. Have one child close his or her eyes while the others pass a ball around the circle. When the child with the eyes closed claps then whoever is left holding the ball answers the question. In this situation it won’t hurt at all for you to have the questions written down. In fact, questions could be written on cards and the child draws a card and reads the question.

      4) Are you using any kind of visual aid to tell the story? If you want to ask a few questions while you are telling the story then you could write questions on the backs of the pictures you are using. This will help you remember.

      5) Another method might be to have a few questions written on a whiteboard before you begin telling the story. You might even go over the questions before you begin so the children will be curious. Tell the children to listen carefully to the story because they will then be able to answer the questions. If they learn an answer while you are telling the story then they could quietly raise their hand. At that point you could pause and let them answer. Then you could write the answer on the board next to the question. You’ll have to think this one through. It could be a good thing but it could also prove too much of a distraction to the story. It will depend on your students.

      6) Finally, don’t be afraid to try different methods. Some will work for you and some won’t. You won’t know until you try. And it is a good idea to use a variety of methods anyway. It keeps things interesting.

      I’d love to hear how it goes! God bless you as you share His Word with these little ones.

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