2 Kings 18-19
Story Overview: Hezekiah (the 13th king of Judah) had just begun to rule. He was a good king and had restored true worship among his people. In contrast, the country of Israel had turned away from God. God allowed the Assyrians to destroy their country and take the Israelites as captives. The Assyrian king, Sennacherib, now attacked Judah. He made fun of God and King Hezekiah. Hezekiah prayed for God’s protection. Isaiah the prophet told Hezekiah that the Lord would answer his prayer and, just as Isaiah prophesied, Sennacherib was defeated. The angel of death wiped out his army and he ended up being murdered by his own sons.
Suggested Emphasis: If people make fun of us then pray for God’s help.
Memory Verse: “Is anyone among you in trouble? Let them pray.” James 5:13a
|Background Study||Way to Introduce the Story||The Story|
|Review Questions||Craft and Activity Ideas||Online Resources|
The kings of Israel continued to come and go. Elisha died during the reign of Jehoash (13:20). King Jehoash attacked Jerusalem and plundered the temple (14:11-14). King Zechariah (not the prophet) was assassinated and replaced by Shallum who was, in turn, assassinated by Menahem. His chief officer, Pekah, assassinated Pekahiah. Pekah besieged Jerusalem. Finally, during the reign of Hoshea, Israel was taken captive by the King of Assyria. 2 Kings 17:7-23 explains how Israel’s sin led to her destruction.
The kingdom of Judah had its own problems but at least it did have some kings who followed the Lord. Hezekiah had a difficult job when he became king. His father, Ahaz, had been weak and wicked, leading the people to worship idols instead of the true God (2 Kings 16:2-4).
Ahaz and the army of Judah had been too weak and cowardly to defend their country alone, and God would not help wicked people defeat their enemies. Nearby nations had begun to steal parts of Judah. (2 Chron. 28:17-19). Instead of doing right and trusting God, King Ahaz sent a lot of money to the king of Assyria and asked him for help. Ahaz had to pay money to the Assyrian king year after year (2 Kings 16:7-9). When Ahaz died, his son Hezekiah became king of a weak and wicked country that had to send money to Assyria.
Hezekiah, one of the godliest kings of Judah (2 Kings 18:5-7), reigned from about 715 BC to 686 BC. Advisers wanted him to join up with Egypt or Assyria, the two big powers of that era. But the prophet Isaiah encouraged him to stay completely away from foreign alliances. 2 Chronicles 29-32:23 and Isaiah 36-37 are parallel passages that you may wish to read concerning Hezekiah. Hezekiah cleared idol worship out of Judah.
Sennacherib had a huge army. He had already taken a few cities in Judah but he was after Jerusalem. Hezekiah tried to protect the city the best he could but the situation was desperate.
Sennacherib used psychological warfare on the people of Judah. He taunted the soldiers and told them that Hezekiah could not help them. He made fun of God and reminded them about all of the other gods that had failed to protect the nations Assyria had conquered.
Hezekiah went to the Lord in prayer. He trusted in the Lord to save Judah. Isaiah was God’s prophet in Jerusalem at that time. The Lord revealed his answer through Isaiah the prophet. That is why this event is also recorded in the book of Isaiah.
God sent His death angel against the Assyrians, and 185,000 of them died (2 Kings 19:35-36). Sennacherib retreated to Ninevah but he ended up being murdered by his own sons (vs. 37). Background Information on the Divided Kingdom.
- What happened before this story?
- What happens after this story?
- List of all Bible stories and themes on this website.
Way to Introduce the Story:
Ask the children when they have been the most frightened. Perhaps you can share some of your own experiences. Discuss what each of you did in the situation. Then introduce the idea of prayer. “We can pray to God when we are frightened and He will help us. That is what happened in today’s story. King Hezekiah was very frightened and so he prayed to God.”
When Hezekiah became the King over Judah, he had lots of work to do. Hezekiah did not want to be a bad king like his father had been. When Hezekiah’s father was king he had let the people build idols and worship false gods. The people had even started worshipping the bronze snake on a pole that Moses had built years before when the people of God were in the wilderness.
Hezekiah loved God and wanted to obey him. He wanted everyone in the country of Judah to follow God so he tore down all of the idols. He broke the bronze snake into pieces so the people could not worship it.
The country of Judah had enemies. King Sennacherib of Assyria attacked Jerusalem – the city where the king lived – and the people became frightened. They knew that King Sennacherib was a powerful king. Not long before this he had attacked the country of Israel and carried all of the people away to Assyria as slaves.
King Hezekiah was afraid but he knew that God would take care of the people. Hezekiah had an idea. He took money from the treasury and sent it to King Sennacherib. He even sent some of the treasures from the temple. Hezekiah thought that this would make King Sennacherib stay away.
It was a good plan but it did not work. The Assyrian army came again to attack Jerusalem again. The Assyrians stopped outside the city and talked to the people who were waiting at the city wall.
“Your King Hezekiah is stupid if he thinks Judah can stand up against the mighty nation of Assyria! Don’t listen to your king. Come over and join our side. The people were frightened but they did not go over to the enemy side. They knew that King Hezekiah was trying his best to take care of them.
King Hezekiah prayed to the Lord and asked for his help. He sent men to the prophet Isaiah to ask for help. Isaiah was a good man who always tried to help the people. He always preached messages from the Lord. One important message that Isaiah preached was that someday a Messiah would come to save all of the people of God. No one knew it then but Isaiah was talking about in the future when Jesus would come and save the world from sin.
This time, Isaiah had a message for King Hezekiah. Isaiah sent back the messengers with this message: “Don’t worry, Hezekiah, the Assyrians will go home.”
Hezekiah felt better. Even though things looked bad, he knew that Isaiah was a prophet of the Lord. If Isaiah said that the Assyrians would go home – then they would.
But the Assyrians weren’t going home yet! Hezekiah received a letter from the messengers of King Sennacherib. The message said that Assyria was not going to stop attacking Jerusalem.
Hezekiah went to the temple to pray again. If Isaiah said that the Assyrians were supposed to leave, why were they still there? Hezekiah prayed and prayed.
Finally, Hezekiah received another message from the prophet Isaiah. “Don’t worry, Hezekiah, the Lord will protect you. King Sennacherib will not enter this city. The Lord will defend Jerusalem. Like he said before, the Assyrians will go home!”
This time Hezekiah knew for sure that the Lord had heard his prayer. God knew that Judah was in trouble and he was going to help his people.
During the night an incredible thing happened! The angel of death killed 185,000 Assyrian soldiers. King Sennacherib could not believe it! He quickly retreated and took his army with him back to the Assyrian city of Nineveh. Not long after that, Sennacherib was killed by two of his own sons.
It was just as the prophet Isaiah said. God protected his people. The Assyrian army left Jerusalem.
- What good things did King Hezekiah do? He destroyed the idols (including the bronze snake on a pole) and he prayed.
- Which country attacked Judah? Assyria
- What did the Assyrian soldiers try to get the people of Judah to do? Come over to their side
- Which prophet of God helped King Hezekiah? Isaiah
- What happened to the Assyrian army during the night? The angel of death killed 185,000 soldiers.
- Conduct a “Press Conference” with two students acting the parts of Hezekiah and Isaiah. The rest of the students can be reporters asking them questions.
- Write each word of the memory verse on individual cards. Mix the cards up and let the children put them in order.
- For more ideas on prayer see Prayer in Bible Class
- Look up and sing songs in the church songbook concerning prayer.
A way to tell the story: Dress up in a simple costume to act the part of one of the Bible characters. As you begin to speak “get into character” as if you were actually the person in the story visiting the class today to tell them what has happened to you. Any age above pre-school will enjoy this method. (Use your judgement here. Generally, young pre-schoolers still think literally and could be confused by the teacher “becoming” a Bible character.)
- A fun way to ask review questions: Later in the class session, as a review, the teacher can also use the same method to ask the children review questions as if you are one of the characters in the story talking to the children.
- Craft: Curly paper crown at http://www.freekidscrafts.com/index.php?option=com_events&task=view_detail&agid=1452
- Craft: Instructions for a simple paper crown at http://www.dltk-kids.com/crafts/mcrown.htm
- Craft: Video instructions (1 minute and 44 seconds) to make a very basic crown out of paper at http://youtu.be/Pz1IwZ1qmlU
- Activity: “Five finger prayer” to teach children to pray at http://ministry-to-children.com/five-finger-prayer/
- Lesson on prayer for children at http://ministry-to-children.com/prayer-lesson/
- Explaining how to teach children to pray at http://ministry-to-children.com/teaching-children-to-pray/
- Chart: Chronology of the Prophets before the Fall of Samaria (Israel) at http://www.biblecharts.org/oldtestament/chronologyoftheprophetsbeforethefallofsamaria.pdf