Ezekiel and the Valley of Dry Bones


Scripture Reference: Ezekiel 37:1-14

Story Overview: Ezekiel was a Jewish priest who was captured and taken to Babylon a few years after Daniel. God chose him to prophesy about all of the things that were happening back in Jerusalem. After Jerusalem was destroyed, Ezekiel began prophesying about the hope that God would restore the Jews to their land some day. God showed Ezekiel how he could bring a bunch of old dry bones to life. In the same way God could bring his people back to life if they would turn to him.

Suggested Emphasis: God gives us hope.

Background Study
Way to Introduce the Story
The Story
Review Questions
Craft and Activity Ideas
Online Resources

Background Study:
Ezekiel was born and raised in Jerusalem before it was conquered. Ezekiel had trained as a priest and was looking forward to a future as a priest. He would have been in his mid-twenties when he was captured and taken away to Babylon in 597 BC along with 10,000 others (statesmen, soldiers, craftsmen – 2 Kings 24:14). His hopes of being a priest like his father before him would have been dashed when he was taken away from Jerusalem.

Ezekiel was married (Ezekiel 24:15-18) and he lived in a house of his own (3:24; 8:1). He was an exiled prisoner in the foreign nation of Babylon but he seemed to have the freedom to come and go within the country. Ezekiel was in Jerusalem for about five years when God called him to be a prophet.

As a young man back in Jerusalem he could have very well heard the prophet Jeremiah preach. Now, as God’s prophet to a people in exile, Ezekiel’s messages were often like Jeremiah’s because they were dramatically acted out. His book is one of visions and symbolic actions. Ezekiel’s whole life was devoted to passing on God’s message to the people.

God’s people had been captured and led from their homes in Judah to the country of Babylon. Their captivity had come about because of their failure to commit themselves to obeying God’s laws. Despite the concentrated teachings and warnings of God’s prophets, they had continued in their rebellion against God.

When Ezekiel received his call from God he began to prophesy about the things that were happening back in Judah. These prophecies make up the first part of the book of Ezekiel. His teachings included condemnation of the Jews for their sins. He prophesied that Jerusalem would fall and that the temple would be destroyed. This prophecy came true eleven years after Ezekiel was brought to Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar burned Jerusalem to the ground and destroyed the temple and city walls in 586 B.C.

After Ezekiel learned of the fall of Jerusalem his messages changed to contain hope of deliverance for God’s people. Because of his priestly background (1:3) he was able to teach and guide the captives. He never lets the hope of freedom and restoration die. This is reflected in the second part of his book.

Today’s story is a lesson that Ezekiel learned through vision- a special dream caused by God. The vision explains why God let His people become captives in Babylon and other lands. They had done wrong in many ways, but two ways are mentioned – they had shed blood, killing many innocent people, and they had worshiped idols instead of God. The captivity was their punishment.

The hand of the Lord took Ezekiel to a valley full of bones. It looked as though many people had died in a terrible disaster and then, through the passage of time, only bleached bones remained.

Ezekiel was God’s prophet. He knew God’s power, and he trusted God’s Word. So whatever God told him, Ezekiel obeyed, even when it seemed as absurd as prophesying to bones. Ezekiel did as God instructed, and the lifeless bones came to life and stood up. God gave them flesh and skin and breath (verses 7-9). They looked like a vast army, for there were very many of them (verse 2).

Ezekiel must have wondered what all these things meant, and God gave the explanation. The nation of Israel was as dead and as hopeless as the bones in the valley. They had no hope. They were exiled to Babylon, cut off from their homeland, and the life they once knew as a people. But God was going to rescue the people and bring them back to their homeland. He was willing to forgive all the sins the people did against Him. Then they would recognise God as the Lord. Now the people had something to hope for.
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Way to Introduce the Story:
“How many of you know what a skeleton is?” Explain as needed. “How many of you have seen a skeleton?” Kid’s love to talk about gory stuff (dead animal they saw on the road that was just a skeleton etc.) If they don’t have a story then share one (or make it up). Of course, adapt it to your audience. Don’t give little ones nightmares. After you have talked about an actual or real skeleton then ask them what they would think if the bones started rattling together and then flesh and skin started appearing. “Wouldn’t that be scary? Did you know that one time someone in the bible had a dream about skeletons that came back to life?”
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The Story:
The people of God were still prisoners in Babylon. They lived far away from their home country. Sometimes the people were very sorry that they had not obeyed God. If they had obeyed God then they would not be prisoners. It was like the nation of Israel was dead. The people were so sad that they did not even have any hope that things could change.

Ezekiel was a prophet of God. God gave Ezekiel messages and Ezekiel told the message to the people. Even when the people were prisoners in the country of Babylon, Ezekiel preached about God.

One time Ezekiel had a special dream. It was not a sleep kind of dream. It was a special dream sent from God. This kind of dream is called a vision.

In Ezekiel’s vision the Lord took him to a valley of dry human bones. The Lord set Ezekiel down right in the middle of the bones! Ezekiel looked at all of the bones and knew that they must belong to people who had died a very long time ago. The bones were all white and dry.

Then Ezekiel heard the voice of God say, “Ezekiel, can these bones come to life again?”

Ezekiel must have thought to himself about how powerful God was. It would be impossible for bones to come back to life but God could probably do it. So he answered the Lord, “Only you know if they can.”

Then the Lord told Ezekiel to do something very unusual. He told Ezekiel to talk to the old dry bones. He told him to prophesy to them and tell them words from the Lord. Ezekiel did just as the Lord said. He prophesied to the bones!

The Lord told Ezekiel to tell the bones that god would make breath enter them and they would come back to life. He would put tendons and flesh on the bones and then he would cover them in skin. He would make them breath and be alive.

When Ezekiel prophesied to the bones just as God had said, the bones started rattling and shaking! Soon the bones started coming together and flesh and skin appeared on them. Ezekiel was amazed to see and hear all of this in his vision!

“Prophesy to the breath,” God’s voice commanded Ezekiel. Ezekiel prophesied to the breath and the bodies started breathing. Then, they stood up! There were many live people standing around. Ezekiel saw that they were a big army. It was amazing. God took a bunch of old dry bones and made an army!
Then the Lord told Ezekiel that the nation of Israel was like the valley of dry bones. Their nation had been conquered and all of the people were prisoners. The beautiful city of Jerusalem and the temple had been knocked down and burned. They people of Israel felt like their country was dead. They thought there was no hope.

But God can do anything! He can take a bunch of old bones and make an army. He can also take the nation of Israel and make it strong again. He could take the people back to their land and rebuild the temple.

Now Ezekiel understood the vision. Ezekiel would keep prophesying to the people of Israel. They might be prisoners now but someday they would get to go back to their homes. Ezekiel was happy to tell the people the good news. Now they could all have something to hope for.
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Review Questions:

  1. Which prophet prophesied to the people when they were in Babylonian exile? Ezekiel
  2. In Ezekiel’s vision, what was the valley filled with? Dry human bones
  3. What did God tell Ezekiel to do to the bones? Prophesy to them
  4. What sound did Ezekiel hear when he began preaching? Rattling bones as they came together
  5. What did God make out of the valley of dry bones? An army
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Craft and Activity ideas for the class (choose age appropriate ones):

  • Try to obtain actual x-rays or photos of x-rays and let the student guess which bones they are.
  • Find books in the library with good illustrations of the human skeleton. Bring the books to class to look over. Verse 8 also mentions tendons, flesh and skin. Find books illustrating these.
  • Costume shops or Halloween decorations are good sources for skeleton paraphernalia.
  • Discuss the difference between a “wish” (desire for something or event) and “hope” (a feeling of expectation and desire for something or event). God gave the people hope because they knew he was able to give them back their land.
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Online Resources:

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2 Responses to Ezekiel and the Valley of Dry Bones

  1. Norma Alcala says:

    I loved this bible study, very detailed. Great help for me, …to help me teach :) thank you so much and God bless!

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