Parable of a Lost Sheep


7_Parable of Lost SheepScripture Reference: Matthew 18:10-14 and Luke 15:1-7

Suggested Emphasis: God has made everyone on the earth and each person is important to Him.

Memory Verse: You were all baptized into Christ, and so you were all clothed with Christ. This shows that you are all children of God through faith in Christ Jesus. Galatians 3:26, ICB

Story Overview:

Jesus told a parable about a shepherd who had one hundred sheep. When one of the sheep got lost, the shepherd searched and searched until he found it.

Background Study:

Jesus seems to have told this parable more than once. In Matthew’s account, Jesus has a little child stand in front of the audience as he tells the story. He is answering one of the disciples’ questions concerning “who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 18:1-4). The parable of the lost sheep is used to help the audience understand that God is not just concerned with the “greatest” in the kingdom. He does not want even one little child to be lost (Matthew 18:14).

In Luke’s account, Jesus told the parable to help the Pharisees understand that God loves each and every sinner. The Pharisees did not understand why Jesus was spending so much time with the sinners. They thought they were more important than the “sinners” and that he should spend time with them. In the parable, Jesus showed that he did not spend all of his time with faithful Jews (the 99 sheep) because he wanted to go out searching for those lost in sin (the one sheep).

In both cases, the people Jesus was speaking to would have been very familiar with sheep. Shepherds were common in the first century. A shepherd led his flock in and among the hills of Palestine searching for the best grass and water. Bears, leopards, jackals and even hyenas were known to roam the hills of Palestine. The shepherd often risked his life to protect the sheep from these dangers.

Sometimes a sheep would fall down a crevice and the shepherd had to climb down and pull it to safety. It would have been common for a shepherd to carry a sheep on his shoulders (Luke 15: 5).

A shepherd spent a great deal of time with his sheep and most likely knew each one by name. Every sheep was important and his goal is to keep every one of them safe.

This is the kind of care that God has for mankind. He knows each of us by name. He does not want even one of us to go astray. Mankind had gone astray and God sent his son, Jesus, to find us.

Satan is the predator of mankind (1 Peter 5:8) and he prowls around like a roaring lion trying to find someone to devour in the spiritual sense.

Other Scriptures about sheep and shepherds to help in your study:

Way to Introduce the Story:

(Hide a house or car key before students arrive) When the children are ready to begin the story, tell them that you are going to pretend that you lost your house (or car) key. Show the children all of your other keys and explain what they are used for. Then explain that even though you have all of the other keys – – – the house key is very important to you. You really need to get into your house when you go home today and only that key works. Let the children help you hunt for the key. After they have found the key settle them all down for the lesson. “In today’s lesson we are going to learn about a shepherd who had a lot of sheep. One of those sheep got lost . . .”

The Story:

One day some of Jesus’ followers began discussing which people were the most important in the kingdom of God. “Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?”  Were kings and queens the most important?  Were religious leaders the most important?  Maybe it would be the strongest or most beautiful.  Maybe only good people who were important to God.

So they asked Jesus, “Who is the greatest in the kingdom?”

Jesus did not answer in the way they expected. To Jesus, each and every person is important in the kingdom of God. Even the littlest child is important in the kingdom of God.  Even someone who is not doing the right things is important. He wants everyone to follow him.

To help everyone understand this Jesus decided to tell them a story.  A story that helps people understand something better is called a parable.  Jesus told a parable about a shepherd and a lost sheep.

This is the parable: Once a shepherd had a flock of 100 sheep. Shepherds love their sheep. Sometimes they even have names for the sheep. A shepherd leads his sheep to nutritious green grass to eat. He looks for nice clean water so his sheep could have a drink when they were thirsty.

A shepherd watches after every sheep and takes care of them. Sometimes dangerous animals like bears and lions would come and try to hurt his sheep. The shepherd protects the sheep and chases all of the dangerous animals away from them.

At other times the sheep would wander away from the rest of the sheep and the shepherd had to call out the sheep’s name. When the sheep heard the shepherd’s voice he would run back to the shepherd.

The shepherd loved every one of his sheep. He even had names for his sheep. Every night he would count his sheep to make sure that all 100 were there.

Jesus continued telling about the shepherd in the parable. One day the shepherd counted his sheep and found that there were only 99 sheep instead of 100. The shepherd was so worried.  One of the sheep must be lost.

Even though 99 of the sheep were safe the shepherd was so concerned about the 1 sheep that was lost. Immediately, he left the other sheep in a safe place and set off looking for the lost sheep.

The shepherd searched everywhere. What if the sheep were hurt? What if some wild animals had attacked it?

Finally, he found the lost sheep! The shepherd was so relieved and happy.

The shepherd lifted the sheep up onto his shoulders and carried him all the way back to join the rest of the flock.

The parable that Jesus told helped the people understand. Every sheep is important to the shepherd. Even if only one is lost he will search everywhere to find it.

In the same way, people are important to God.  He does not want anyone to be lost either.  Every person is important to God.

Do you believe that people are important to God?  If we know that someone is missing from our group what do you think we should do?


Ways to Tell the Story:

This story can be told using a variety of methods.  Always remain true to the facts found in the Bible but help children connect to its meaning by using drama, visual aids, voice inflection, student interaction and/or emotion.  Click here for visual aids and story-telling methods.

A slideshow and set of illustrations from the Lumo Project can be downloaded directly from  Free Bible Images.  Be selective.  Each teacher is unique, so only use the illustrations that best relate to how YOU tell the story in THIS lesson. Too many illustrations can be confusing, so eliminate any that cover other stories or details you do not wish to emphasise in this lesson.

Review Questions:

  1. In the Parable of the Lost Sheep, how many sheep did the shepherd first have in his flock? 100
  2. In the Parable of the Lost Sheep, what did the shepherd do when one of his sheep got lost? Looked for it until he found it.
  3. If everyone in the world was obeying God and only one person did not believe in him, would God care about that one person? Yes! Each and every person is important to God.

Song Suggestions:

Learning Activities and Crafts:

(How to choose the best learning activities for my teaching situation)


  • If you know anyone with a baby lamb this is definitely the day to bring it to class to let the children pet it and have a look!
  • Sheepskin factories often sell sheepskin scraps and off-cuts. Use a laundry marker to write Psalm 100:3 on the back of the scrap. Give each child one of these to take home.
  • Bring a large bag of cotton wool balls to class. Have children count out 100 of them. Use these to represent the 100 sheep and review the story. You can then play a game by letting the children take turns hiding and finding one of the “sheep”.
  • Have one child hide his eyes or face a corner of the room. Let the other children take turns “bleating” like sheep. If the “shepherd” can recognize his sheep then that sheep becomes the shepherd and sits in the corner while the original shepherd then becomes a sheep.
  • Click here for printable instructions for a “Find the Sheep” game using recycled bottle caps.
  • If you have the opportunity to play outside then let the children play a lost sheep version of “Marco Polo”. Mark off an area that all children must stay inside of. One child stands in the middle of the area and is designated the shepherd. That child is blindfolded. The object of the game is for the blindfolded child to “find” one of his sheep by touching them. Then that sheep becomes the shepherd. The shepherd can call out “Where are my sheep?” Each time the shepherd says this all the sheep must say “baa”.
  • Our elders are shepherds (1 Peter 5:1-4). Ask them to come to class and talk about how each member is important. (Let them know ahead of time what parable you are covering today.)


  • For a craft idea, draw a simple lamb (or copy one from a child’s colouring book) and then let the children glue cotton wool on it.

Check the Teaching Ideas page on this website for ideas that are adaptable to any lesson.

Link to full list of printablesClick here for “Parable of a Lost Sheep” printables to print on A4 size paper
Click here for “Parable of a Lost Sheep” to print on Letter size paper (USA)


Other Online Resources:


Parable of a Lost Sheep Pin

4 thoughts on “Parable of a Lost Sheep

  1. Hi Debbie
    Thanks for spotting the broken link and suggesting this new one. I’ve linked to the site a number of times but I see that they no longer provide free slide shows. I’m sorry to see that great resource go. I’ll be spending a while finding all of the other stories I have linked to.

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