Sermon at Pentecost


2_Sermon at PentecostScripture Reference: Acts 1:12-2:41

Suggested Emphasis: The church began on the Day of Pentecost.

Memory Verse: “Peter said to them, “Change your hearts and lives and be baptized, each one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.’” (Acts 2:38)

Story Overview:

While the eleven apostles waited in Jerusalem, Matthias was chosen to replace the now-dead Judas. During the Jewish feast of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit came upon the apostles just as Jesus had promised. The Spirit gave these uneducated men the miraculous power to speak in languages they had never learned or spoken before (speak in tongues). Because of this, all of the crowds of Jewish pilgrims from many countries were able to hear about Jesus in their own languages. After Peter preached the first “gospel sermon,” 3,000 people were baptized. Emphasise that this was the beginning, or “birthday”, of the church.

Background Study:

Click here for an overview of the Book of Acts

Replacing Judas:
Following the ascension of Jesus, the eleven apostles, along with Jesus’ mother and brothers and some women, all gathered together in the upper room of a house in Jerusalem.  There were 120 believers gathered. At Peter’s reminder that they needed a replacement for Judas (who had betrayed Jesus), the others put forth two men: Joseph and Matthias. Both of these fit the same requirements that the other apostles had.  They had been together with Jesus since his baptism (1:21-22). The ancient method of casting lots was used to make the choice between the two, and Matthias was chosen. Perhaps stones or something similar were used to cast the lots (like tossing a coin or throwing dice), but whatever the items used, the process involved an element of chance. By casting lots, they believed that God would control the outcome (Proverbs 16:33). After this event, the Scriptures do not record decisions being made by this method.

The Arrival of the Holy Spirit:
Jesus ascended to heaven 40 days after his resurrection (Acts 1:3). The Apostles must have been in Jerusalem for about ten days because the Day of Pentecost (the New Testament name for the Feast of Weeks) was 50 days after the Passover Sabbath (Leviticus 23:15-21). God chose the perfect day to reveal the Holy Spirit because there were thousands of Jews gathered in Jerusalem from all over the world. Jesus had described the Spirit as wind before (John 3:8), and the sound of mighty rushing wind from heaven now marked the arrival of the Holy Spirit on this day. The writer of Acts describes what looked like tongues of fire dividing and resting on each of the apostles. The Holy Spirit allowed them to miraculously speak other languages and dialects. All of this noise and activity drew a crowd of people. These people were amazed because they could hear the apostles speak in their own language. Some were asking what it meant. Others made fun of them and thought they were drunk.

The Sermon and the Response:
Peter stood up and preached the first “Gospel Sermon”. Before the Spirit had given him special abilities, Peter had been a mere fisherman from Galilee. Now, he was able to clearly explain how the Old Testament scriptures of Joel were being fulfilled this day. He told how Jesus of Nazareth had been sent by God and that they had crucified him. He pointed out that even the revered King David had looked forward to the coming of the Messiah. All of this, but the people had rejected him.

The message was clear, and scores of people were “cut to the heart” and felt intense remorse. When they asked Peter what they should do, he answered, “Peter said to them, “Change your hearts and lives and be baptized, each one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” Peter continued explaining the message of Christ, and those who accepted him were immediately baptised. The day began with 120 believers, but 3,000 were added to their number that day.

The Beginning of a New Age:
This was the beginning of the church. It is more than just a group of people who believe in Jesus. The church is the body, and Christ is the head (Ephesians 1:22-23). The church is part of the eternal purposes of God (Ephesians 3:10-11). As we continue reading the book of Acts, we will learn more about the church and how it grew.

Baptism also took on a new and fuller meaning at Pentecost. It was now at baptism that a person showed true repentance, had their sins washed away (forgiven) by the blood of Jesus Christ and received the gift of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38). John the Baptist had baptised people, but he preached as the prophets from the Old Testament had, and he baptised to demonstrate repentance and forgiveness (Mark 1:4). Baptism now allowed a person to completely relate to Jesus Christ through dying with him (repentance), being buried with him (baptism) and being resurrected (living a Christ-centred life).
Refer to Romans 6:3-8

Peter knew what to tell the people that day because after Jesus was crucified and resurrected, he had instructed his disciples. (Matthew 28:18-20, ICB). See The Great Commission and Ascension.

Way to Introduce the Story:

Teach the children the phrase “Jesus loves you” in several different languages. Example: Spanish- “Cristo te ama” French- “Jesus vous aime” German- “Christ liebt dich” You might want to invite someone who speaks another language to come to your class and teach the children. After the children have learned the phrase, then explain, “In today’s bible lesson we are going to learn about a time when the apostles wanted to teach people about Jesus. Since these people knew all kinds of different languages, the Holy Spirit gave the apostles a special ability. Even though they had never studied a language, they could speak it perfectly.”

The Story:

After living his life on earth, Jesus went back to heaven. Just before he left, he told the apostles they had a very important job to do. They were to go and tell everyone in the world the good news about Jesus’ resurrection (his coming back to life). They were to baptise them and teach them how to be followers of Jesus.

Jesus told them to wait in Jerusalem because he would be sending a special helper to them. He knew they would be sad to see him go, but the special helper would be with them and give them comfort and power. The special helper would be a gift to the whole world.

The eleven apostles and other disciples went to Jerusalem just as Jesus had told them. Jesus’ mother, brothers, and other women joined the apostles to pray and wait in an upstairs room.

Soon, they realised that there were only eleven apostles now instead of the original twelve. Judas was missing.

The other apostles remembered the sad way that Judas had betrayed Jesus when Jesus was still on earth. He had said he was Jesus’ friend but did not act like a friend. Judas betrayed Jesus and made a deal with some leaders who wanted to hurt him. Judas felt shame and guilt after the soldiers took Jesus away and crucified him. But instead of doing the right thing and asking for forgiveness, he did the wrong thing and killed himself instead.

Peter said, “The new apostle must be someone who has been with us from the beginning. He should have known Jesus really well and should have been following since the time Jesus was baptised.” Two men, Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and Matthias, were put forward.

The apostles prayed that God would show them the right choice and then cast lots (sort of like tossing a coin). In this way, Matthias was chosen to be the new 12th apostle.

After this, the apostles continued waiting for the special helper Jesus said would come. The apostles must have wondered how they would know when the helper arrived.

The group waited forty days in all. And then a very strong wind began to blow. After the wind, the apostles saw flames come down and sit above their heads. The time had come! The helper, the Holy Spirit, had arrived.

Pentecost was a special holiday; thousands of Jews had come from many other countries to worship at the temple. They came from other countries, so they spoke different languages.

When they heard all of the noise, they rushed over to see what was happening. The apostles went outside into the temple area, where many people were gathered.

Remember how Jesus said that the Holy Spirit would help the apostles tell the good news? That is exactly what happened. The apostles began speaking in all kinds of different languages, and the people from other countries could understand. This was amazing because, before that day, the apostles had never studied or learned those languages. Speaking in another language you have never learned or studied is called “speaking in tongues”.

Peter explained that the Holy Spirit was from God and was making all of these amazing things happen. He told them the good news about Jesus Christ. He told them that God sent his son to earth but that the people crucified him. He told them how Jesus was resurrected and then went back to heaven to reign as King.

Many of the people felt very sad and sorry that they had not believed Jesus. They asked Peter, “What should we do?”

Peter answered them in just the way Jesus had told him to, “Repent and be baptised, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.”

About 3,000 people were baptised that day, adding to the number of believers. This was the beginning of the church. In fact, you could call this the birthday of the church! If you read the bible book of Acts, then you will learn about some of the exciting things that happened to the church in the years to come.

Ways to Tell the Story:

This story can be told using a variety of methods.  Always remain true to the facts found in the Bible but help children connect to its meaning by using drama, visual aids, voice inflection, student interaction and/or emotion.
Click here for visual aids and story-telling methods.

Click here to download the slideshow or the printable illustrations.
Be selective.  Each teacher is unique, so only use the illustrations that best relate to how YOU tell the story in THIS lesson. Too many illustrations can be confusing, so eliminate any that cover other stories or details you do not wish to emphasise in this lesson.

Try this interactive story-telling method:
A Very Special Happy Birthday


Review Questions:

  1. Who was the man chosen to take Judas’ place as an apostle? Matthias
  2. What sign first showed that the Holy Spirit had come upon the apostles? Small fires burned above their heads (tongues of fire)
  3. What was the name of the Jewish feast day when the first gospel sermon was preached? Day of Pentecost
  4. The people in the crowd spoke different languages, how did they know what the apostles were saying? The Holy Spirit gave the apostles the power to speak in other languages (in tongues)
  5. Which apostle preached the first Gospel sermon? Peter
  6. What did Peter tell the people to do? “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” (Acts 2:38)
  7. How many people were baptized that day? 3000

Song Suggestions:

  • Building Up the Temple Song
  • Deep and Wide Song
  • Sing “Jesus Called Them One By One” (to the tune “Jesus Loves Me”)
    Verse 1: Jesus called them one by one. Peter, Andrew, James and John.
    Next came Philip, Thomas too, Matthew and Bartholomew.
    Chorus: Yes, Jesus called them. Yes, Jesus called them. Yes, Jesus called them. And they all followed him.
    Verse 2: James, the one they call the Less, Simon also Thaddaeus. The 12th apostle Judas made. Jesus was by him betrayed.
    Repeat Chorus.
    Verse 3: Matthias then took Judas’ place, to preach to men of every race, Paul three preaching trips did make, And went to Rome for Jesus’ sake.
    Repeat Chorus.
  • Refer to the Song Page on this website for more options.

Learning Activities and Crafts:

(How to choose the best learning activities for my teaching situation)


  • Collect pictures of people being baptized and show them to the class.
  • Use a bible concordance to find verses that use the word “church.”
  • Learn some phrases in other languages and teach the class. Discuss the fact that learning a new language takes a lot of time and practice. Because of the power of the Holy Spirit, the apostles were able to “speak in tongues” or in a language they had not studied before.
  • Say the memory verse together a number of times. Have words like “fast, slow, baby talk, bass voice, opera singer, etc. on small cards. Children can draw cards and then say the memory verse according to the card they choose. For example, a child draws a card with “opera singer” on it so they sing the verse as an opera singer would. Repetition will result in the children memorising the verse.
  • Have a birthday party with a cake that says “Happy Birthday Church”  

Check the Teaching Ideas page on this website for ideas adaptable to any lesson.

Link to full list of printablesClick here for “Sermon at Pentecost” printables to print (A4 paper)
Click here for “Sermon at Pentecost” to print (Letter size-USA)


Other Online Resources:


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