Ezekiel and the Valley of Dry Bones


6_Ezekiel and Dry BonesScripture Reference: Ezekiel 37:1-14

Suggested Emphasis: God gives us hope.

Memory Verse: But the people who hope in the Lord will become strong again. They will be able to rise up as an eagle in the sky. They will run without needing rest. They will walk without becoming tired. Isaiah 40:31, ICB

Story Overview:

Ezekiel was a Jewish priest who was captured and taken to Babylon a few years after Daniel. God chose him to prophesy about all of the things that were happening back in Jerusalem. After Jerusalem was destroyed, Ezekiel began prophesying about the hope that God would restore the Jews to their land someday. God showed Ezekiel how he could bring a bunch of old dry bones to life. In the same way, God could bring his people back to life if they would turn to him.

Background Study:

Ezekiel was born and raised in Jerusalem before it was conquered. He had trained as a priest and was looking forward to a future as a priest. Ezekiel would have been in his mid-twenties when he was captured and taken away to Babylon in 597 BC along with 10,000 others (statesmen, soldiers, craftsmen – 2 Kings 24:14). His hopes of being a priest like his father before him would have been dashed when he was taken away from Jerusalem.

Ezekiel was married (Ezekiel 24:15-18) and he lived in a house of his own (3:24; 8:1). He was an exiled prisoner in the foreign nation of Babylon but he seemed to have the freedom to come and go within the country. Ezekiel was in Jerusalem for about five years when God called him to be a prophet.

As a young man back in Jerusalem he could have very well heard the prophet Jeremiah preach. Now, as God’s prophet to a people in exile, Ezekiel’s messages were often like Jeremiah’s because they were dramatically acted out. His book is one of visions and symbolic actions. Ezekiel’s whole life was devoted to passing on God’s message to the people.

God’s people had been captured and led from their homes in Judah to the country of Babylon. Their exile had come about because of their failure to commit themselves to obeying God’s laws. Despite the concentrated teachings and warnings of God’s prophets, they continued in their rebellion against God.

When Ezekiel received his call from God he began to prophesy about the things that were happening back in Judah. These prophecies make up the first part of the book of Ezekiel. His teachings included condemnation of God’s people for their sins. He prophesied that Jerusalem would fall and that the temple would be destroyed. This prophecy came true eleven years after Ezekiel was exiled from Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar burned Jerusalem to the ground and destroyed the temple and city walls in 587 B.C.

After Ezekiel learned of the fall of Jerusalem his messages changed to contain hope of deliverance for God’s people. Because of his priestly background (1:3) he was able to teach and guide the captives. He never lets the hope of freedom and restoration die. This is reflected in the second part of his book.

Today’s story is a lesson that Ezekiel learned through vision- a special dream caused by God. The vision explains why God sent His people into exile in Babylon and other lands. They had done wrong in many ways, but two ways are mentioned – they had shed blood (killing many innocent people) and they had worshipped idols instead of God. The exile was their punishment.

The hand of the Lord took Ezekiel to a valley full of bones. It looked as though many people had died in a terrible disaster and then, through the passage of time, only bleached bones remained.

Ezekiel was God’s prophet. He knew God’s power, and he trusted God’s Word. So whatever God told him, Ezekiel obeyed, even when it seemed as absurd as prophesying to bones. Ezekiel did as God instructed, and the lifeless bones came to life and stood up. God gave them flesh and skin and breath (verses 7-9). They looked like a vast army, for there were very many of them (verse 2).

Ezekiel must have wondered what all these things meant, and God gave the explanation. The nation of Israel was as dead and as hopeless as the bones in the valley. They had no hope. They were exiled to Babylon, cut off from their homeland, and the life they once knew as a people. But God was going to rescue the people and bring them back to their homeland. He was willing to forgive all the sins the people did against Him. Then they would recognise God as the Lord. Now the people had something to hope for.

Way to Introduce the Story:

“How many of you know what a skeleton is?” Explain as needed. “How many of you have seen a skeleton?”  Kids often enjoy talking about gory events (dead animal they saw on the road that was just a skeleton etc.)  If they don’t have a story then share one of your own. Of course, adapt it to your audience. Don’t give little ones nightmares. After you have talked about an actual or real skeleton then ask them what they would think if the bones started rattling together and then flesh and skin started appearing. “Wouldn’t that be scary? Did you know that one time someone in the bible had a dream about skeletons that came back to life?”

The Story:

The people of God were still prisoners in Babylon. They lived far away from their home country. Sometimes the people were very sorry that they had not obeyed God. If they had obeyed God then they would not be prisoners. It was like the nation of Israel was dead. The people were so sad that they did not even have any hope that things could change.

Ezekiel was a prophet of God. God gave Ezekiel messages and Ezekiel told the message to the people. Even when the people were prisoners in the country of Babylon, Ezekiel preached about God.

One time Ezekiel had a special dream. It was not a sleep kind of dream. It was a special dream sent from God. This kind of dream is called a vision.

In Ezekiel’s vision the Lord took him to a valley of dry human bones. The Lord set Ezekiel down right in the middle of the bones! Ezekiel looked at all of the bones and knew that they must belong to people who had died a very long time ago. The bones were all white and dry.

Then Ezekiel heard the voice of God say, “Ezekiel, can these bones come to life again?”

Ezekiel must have thought to himself about how powerful God was. It would be impossible for bones to come back to life but God could probably do it. So he answered the Lord, “Only you know if they can.”

Then the Lord told Ezekiel to do something very unusual. He told Ezekiel to talk to the old dry bones. He told him to prophesy to them and tell them words from the Lord. Ezekiel did just as the Lord said. He prophesied to the bones!

The Lord told Ezekiel to tell the bones that God would make breath enter them and they would come back to life. He would put tendons and flesh on the bones and then he would cover them in skin. He would make them breath and be alive.

When Ezekiel prophesied to the bones just as God had said, the bones started rattling and shaking! Soon the bones started coming together and flesh and skin appeared on them. Ezekiel was amazed to see and hear all of this in his vision!

“Prophesy to the breath (or wind),” God’s voice commanded Ezekiel. Ezekiel prophesied to the breath and the bodies started breathing. Then, they stood up! There were many live people standing around. Ezekiel saw that they were a big army. It was amazing. God took a bunch of old dry bones and made an army!

Then the Lord told Ezekiel that the nation of Israel was like the valley of dry bones. Their nation had been conquered and all of the people were prisoners. The beautiful city of Jerusalem and the temple had been knocked down and burned. They people of Israel felt like they were dead since their country was dead. They thought there was no hope.

But God can do anything! He can take a bunch of old bones and make an army. He can also take the nation of Israel and make it strong again. He could take the people back to their land and rebuild the temple.

Now Ezekiel understood the vision. Ezekiel would keep prophesying to the people of Israel. They might be prisoners now but someday they would get to go back to their homes. Ezekiel was happy to tell the people the good news. Now they could all have something to hope for.

Ways to Tell the Story:

This story can be told using a variety of methods.  Always remain true to the facts found in the Bible but help children connect to its meaning by using drama, visual aids, voice inflection, student interaction and/or emotion.
Click here for visual aids and story-telling methods.

Click here to download these illustrations and slideshow. Be selective.  Each teacher is unique, so only use the illustrations that best relate to how YOU tell the story in THIS lesson. Too many illustrations can be confusing, so eliminate any that cover other stories or details you do not wish to emphasise in this lesson.

Review Questions:

  1. Which prophet prophesied to the people when they were in Babylonian exile? Ezekiel
  2. In Ezekiel’s vision, what was the valley filled with? Dry human bones
  3. What did God tell Ezekiel to do to the bones? Prophesy to them
  4. What sound did Ezekiel hear when he began preaching? Rattling bones as they came together
  5. What did God make out of the valley of dry bones? An army

Song Suggestions:

Learning Activities and Crafts:

(How to choose the best learning activities for my teaching situation)


  • Try to obtain actual x-rays or photos of x-rays and let the student guess which bones they are.
  • Find books in the library with good illustrations of the human skeleton. Bring the books to class to look over. Verse 8 also mentions tendons, flesh, and skin. Find books illustrating these.
  • Costume shops or Halloween decorations are good sources for skeleton paraphernalia.
  • Discuss the difference between a “wish” (desire for something or event) and “hope” (a feeling of expectation and desire for something or event). God gave the people hope because they knew he was able to give them back their land.
  • One fun teacher served roasted chicken wings to the students in class.  As each child finished their pieces of chicken she had them place the bones in a plate.  She then asked them what the chances would be that the bones could be put back together into wings.  The pile of bones was really gross and the kids just loved it.  I think they’ll remember that night for a long time!

Check the Teaching Ideas page on this website for ideas that are adaptable to any lesson.

Link to full list of printablesClick here for “Ezekiel and the Valley of Bones” printables to print on A4 size paper
Click here for “Ezekiel and the Valley of Bones” printables (Letter size-USA) 

Other Online Resources:


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22 thoughts on “Ezekiel and the Valley of Dry Bones

  1. I am trying to out together a skit with 2 people to present Ezekial and the Valley of Dry Bones, I’ve listened to many children’s sermons o l8ne as well as your site and of course several Bible summaries. I have done Gospel Clown mi and want to incorporate This into a skit. I have lots of ideas but unable to bring it all together. After reading your blog I like the idea of me portraying a skeleton and give the story from my point of view. I have a big balloon pump,to use to pump Ruach into me and a latex heart balloon to change my heart. I have plastic water bottles that sound like dry bones cracking and a can of pebbles to rattle. I was going to wear black pajamas with white skeletons on it and after I’ve been bought to life, put my Clown costume on over the Pj’s to represent the New Spirt Filled body. Am I on the right track? Do you have any ideas. I am scheduled to do this with a fellow Clown may 15.

    1. Hi Sandra

      Wow! Your ideas sound awesome. It sounds to me like you have really studied the Scripture and are being imaginative and yet intentional in how you bring the meaning across to the children. I’d love to see pictures from the day!

      May God bless you, Mary

      1. Thank you, I think I have formulated some more ways to incorporate my clown skills to present the story of Ezekial 37
        Your site had lots of ideas to get my creative juices flowing along with lots of prayers for guidance from above.
        I am traveling from Florida to the Philadelphia area on May 14 and was asked by a fellow. Clown girl friend who is suffering from a blood disease and recently found Jesus, to perform at her new church home. I will try to get some photos. Please pray for us to reach and teach the people attending next Sunday. Where can I send photos?

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